Use a JAR/ZIP/CAB file with an Applet (this howto is deprecated)Tag(s): DEPRECATED


[JAR format]
JAR (Java ARchive) is a platform-independent file format that allows you to bundle a Java applet and its requisite components (.class files, images and sounds) into a single JAR file. JAR supports compression, which reduces the file size, further improving the download time.

The applet author can digitally sign individual entries in a JAR file to authenticate their origin (using the JAVAKEY utility). However, to sign JAR to be used with a "real-world" browser (eg. Netscape), you must use Netscape's utilities ZIGbert or GUI JAR Archiver to sign it. These utilities can be freely downloaded from the Netscape Web site. For more infos about signing Applet for Netscape, check this JAVA How-to.

The browser need to be JDK1.1 compatible to handle JAR file.

If a JAR file is used with an Applet, the browser will look first into the JAR to load all classes. If the search fails in the JAR file, then the browser looks in the applet's base directory. To specify the use of a JAR file with an applet:

<APPLET CODE=a.class
     ARCHIVE="abc.jar"
     WIDTH=100
     HEIGHT=100>
</APPLET>
In theory, you can specify many JARs in one ARCHIVE tag. But the current version of Netscape will only load the first JAR and ignore the others.

Microsoft IEv4 can handle multiple JAR files.

In an application, simply include the JAR in the CLASSPATH :

java -classpath c:\jdk1.1.3\lib\classes.zip;.;.\HelloWorld.jar HelloWorld

To create a JAR file (compressed), use the JAR utility included with JDK1.1

jar cvf abc.jar a.class b.class c.class
According to some JAVA developers, JAR in CLASSPATH needs to be uncompressed (JDK1.1). To create uncompressed JAR:
jar cvfO myArchive.jar *.class

[ZIP format]
JDK1.0.2 introduces the ZIP "un-compressed" format. To create an archive, simply use a ZIP tool that supports the long filename format and specify the ZERO compression mode. You can use Sun's JAR utility (included with JDK1.1) to create a JDK1.0.2 compatible ZIP file:

jar cvfO myArchive.zip *.class
or check for InfoZIP at http://www.cdrom.com/pub/infozip/

To use a ZIP archive, simply use the HTML ARCHIVE tag

<APPLET CODE="a.class"
     ARCHIVE="abc.zip"
       WIDTH=618
      HEIGHT=410>
</APPLET>

[CAB format]
CAB (for CABINET) is used only by Microsoft Internet Explorer. It offers compression (like the JAR but the ZIP format is un-compressed). To create a CAB file, use the CABARC utility from Microsoft :

CABARC n myArchive.cab *.*
to create myArchive.cab.

It is possible sign a CAB file using the Authenticode mechanism, check the Microsoft Web site for more infos.

To associate a CAB file with an Applet, simply use the HTML :

<APPLET CODE="a.class"
       WIDTH=100
       HEIGHT=100>
<PARAM   NAME="cabbase"
        VALUE="abc.cab">
</APPLET>
the cabbase parameter will be interpreted only by MSIE, non-MS browsers browser will simply ignore it.

An Applet can support ZIP and CAB format by using the following HTML:

<APPLET
    CODEBASE="."
    ARCHIVE=abc.zip
    CODE=a.class
    width=610
    height=600 >
    <PARAM NAME="cabbase" VALUE="abc.cab">
</APPLET>
while Netscape will use the ZIP file and ignore de CAB parameter, MSIE will use CAB and ignore the ZIP file.
blog comments powered by Disqus