Detect if a TIF is blank Tag(s): AWT


import javax.media.jai.PlanarImage;
import com.sun.media.jai.codec.ByteArraySeekableStream;
import com.sun.media.jai.codec.ImageCodec;
import com.sun.media.jai.codec.ImageDecoder;
import com.sun.media.jai.codec.SeekableStream;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.nio.ByteBuffer;
import java.nio.channels.FileChannel;
import java.awt.Color;
import java.awt.Graphics;
import java.awt.Image;
import java.awt.image.PixelGrabber;
import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;
import java.awt.image.RenderedImage;

/**
 * This utility loads a given TIF and try to detect if it's
 * blank  or not.
 * 
 * We create in-memory image and then calculate the standard
 * deviation of the color information. If a certain value is not
 * reached then we assume that the image is mainly uniform and
 * probably blank. The threshold value is an estimate. Depending 
 * the source of the TIF this value can be higher. For example,
 * TIF from a FAX machine or a scanner can be dirty, with hair/dust presence,
 * but with no content.
 *
 * jai_core.jar and jai_codec.jar are required.
 * http://java.sun.com/products/java-media/jai/index.jsp
 * 
 * @author http://www.rgagnon.com/howto.html
 */

public class BlankDetection {
    
    public static final int FAILURE = 2;
    public static final int BLANK = 0;
    public static final int NOTBLANK = 1;
    // value where we can consider that this is a blank image
    // can be much higher depending of the TIF source 
    // (ex. scanner or fax)
    public static final int BLANK_THRESHOLD = 1000;

    /**
     * Creates an Image from a byte array
     * @param data  
     * @return Image
     * @throws Exception  
     */
    public static Image load(byte[] data) throws Exception {
        Image image = null;
        SeekableStream stream = new ByteArraySeekableStream(data);
        String[] names = ImageCodec.getDecoderNames(stream);
        ImageDecoder dec = 
          ImageCodec.createImageDecoder(names[0], stream, null);
        RenderedImage im = dec.decodeAsRenderedImage();
        image = PlanarImage.wrapRenderedImage(im).getAsBufferedImage();
        // scale-down the image , maximum width : 500 px
        // to preserve memory
        Image imageScaled = 
            image.getScaledInstance(500, -1,  Image.SCALE_SMOOTH);
        return imageScaled;
      }
    
    /**
     * Converts an Image to a BufferedImage
     * @param im  une Image
     * @return BufferedImage  
     */
    public static BufferedImage imageToBufferedImage(Image im) {
        BufferedImage bi = new BufferedImage
           (im.getWidth(null),im.getHeight(null),BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_RGB);
        Graphics bg = bi.getGraphics();
        bg.drawImage(im, 0, 0, null);
        bg.dispose();
        return bi;
     }

    /**
     * Check if an Image is blank or not
     * Computes the standard deviation based on the color information

     * @param bi bufferedimage
     * @return true  it's blank
     */
    public static boolean isBlank(BufferedImage bi) throws Exception {
        long count = 0;
        long total = 0;
        double totalVariance = 0;
        double stdDev = 0;
        int height = bi.getHeight();
        int width = bi.getWidth();
        
        int[] pixels = new int[width * height];
        PixelGrabber pg = new PixelGrabber
            (bi, 0, 0, width, height, pixels, 0, width);
        pg.grabPixels();
        for (int j = 0; j < height; j++) {
           for (int i = 0; i < width; i++) {
              count++;
              int pixel = pixels[j * width + i];
              int red = (pixel >> 16) & 0xff;
              int green = (pixel >> 8) & 0xff;
              int blue = (pixel) & 0xff;
              int pixelValue = new Color(red, green,blue,0).getRGB();
              total += pixelValue;
              double avg = total /count;
              totalVariance += Math.pow(pixelValue - avg, 2);
              stdDev = Math.sqrt(totalVariance / count);
           }
        }
        return (stdDev < BLANK_THRESHOLD);
    }
    
    /**
     * Accept on the command line the path to a TIF file
     * 
     * Returns an errorlevel based on the analysis
     * 0 - blank
     * 1 - not blank
     * 2 - IO error
     * 
     * @param args  path vers complet vers un PROPS 
     */
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        try {
            if (args.length==0) {
                System.out.println("Missing parameter.");
                System.exit(FAILURE);
              }
              String path = args[0];
              FileInputStream in = new FileInputStream(path);
              FileChannel channel = in.getChannel();
              ByteBuffer buffer = ByteBuffer.allocate((int)channel.size());
              channel.read(buffer);
              Image image = load(buffer.array());
              BufferedImage bufferedImage = imageToBufferedImage(image);
              boolean isBlank = BlankDetection.isBlank(bufferedImage);
              
              System.exit( isBlank ? BLANK : NOTBLANK );
        }
        catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            System.exit(FAILURE);
        }
    }
}


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